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Basic assumptions regarding the sages' Interpretation and its underlying characteristics

We shall commence the discussion of the sages' Interpretation of the Bible with a clarification of their basic assumptions concerning the Bible. Let's read the words of Abaye, a great Amorite who lived in 4th-century Babylon:

אמר אביי אמר קרא 'אחת דבר אלהים שתים זו שמעתי כי עז לאלהים' (תהלים סב 12) - מקרא אחד יוצא לכמה טעמים.

Abaye answered: For Scripture saith, 'God hath spoken once, twice have I heard this, that strength belongeth unto God' (Psalms 62:11). One Biblical verse may convey several meanings […] In R. Ishmael's School it was taught: 'And like in hammer that breaketh the rock in pieces', just as [the rock] is split into many splinters, so also may one Biblical verse convey many meanings (Bavli Sanhedrin 34a).

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